Selvi J.Jayalalithaa – A flash Back
Jayalalithaa Jayaraman (24 February 1948 – 5 December 2016) formally called as Selvi J.Jayalalithaa/Amma, was an Indian actor and politician who served Six terms as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, between 1991 and 2016.Selvi J.Jayalalithaa was a leading actress before her entry into politics and appeared in 140 films from 1961 to 1980 in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Hindi industries.
Do you know the real name of Jayalalithaa?
Selvi J.Jayalalithaa was given her grandmother’s name Koamalavalli at the time of birth.
Do you know how the name “Jaya” “Lalitha” came?
The personal name Jayalalitha was adopted at the age of 1 for the purpose of using the same in school and colleges. It was derived from the names of two houses where she resided in Mysore. One was “Jaya Vilas” and the other “Lalitha Vilas”. Her mother, her relatives and later co-stars and friends referred her as Ammu.
Do you know why Amma shows respect and hounor to Mr.Cho Ramaswamy?
Mr.Cho and Jayalalitha friendship strats from 1964. She made her debut in Tamil theatre in April 1964, when she played a sales girl in the drama named Undersecretary with Cho Ramaswamy.
Selvi J.Jayalalithaa has a good friendship with Mr.Cho Ramaswamy.She always show respect and hounor to Mr.Cho Ramaswamy.She keep him as her Political advisor.This friendship starts early 1964 and continued after her death also. Yes Mr.Cho Ramaswamy died the next day of Amma death.
Queen of Tamil cinema:
She was considered a prolific and versatile actress having appeared in films of different genres and for performing wide variety of characters. She was also known for her dancing skills and was referred to as the queen of Tamil cinema.
As an actress, she frequently worked with another actor-turned-politician, M. G. Ramachandran (MGR). This led to wide speculation that Jayalalitha was introduced to politics by MGR. However, she has denied these claims and stated that she had entered politics by choice. Selvi J.Jayalalithaa was a member of the Rajya Sabha, nominated from Tamil Nadu, from 1984 to 1989. Soon after the death of MGR, Jayalalitha proclaimed herself his political heir. She is the second female chief minister of Tamil Nadu after Janaki Ramachandran.
She was the general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) and was popularly referred as Amma, Puratchi Thalaivi, Thanga Gopuram, Thanga Chillai and Thanga Tharagai (Golden Maiden) by her followers, in 2001.
Final days of Iron Lady
On 22 September 2016, Jayalalithaa was admitted to Apollo Hospitals, Greame’s Road, Chennai, for infection and acute dehydration.She died on 5 December 2016 after 75 days of illness and subsequent hospitalization, where multiple attempts to resuscitate her after she suffered a cardiac arrest failed.
Click here if you want to read What is really happening in Apollo?Whom we believe?
Know more about her….
Early life ,Education and family
Selvi J.Jayalalithaa was born on 24 February 1948, at Melukote, in Pandavapura taluka, Mandya district, then in Mysore State (now Karnataka) to Jayaram and Vedavalli in a Tamil Iyengar family. Jayalalitha was given her grandmother’s name Koamalavalli at the time of birth.
She completed her childhood education at Sacred Heart Matriculation School (popularly known as Church Park Presentation Convent or Presentation Church Park Convent) in Chennai. She excelled at school and was offered a government scholarship to pursue further education. She won Gold State Award for coming first in 10th standard in not just her school but also in Tamil Nadu. She appears not to have accepted the admission offered to her at Stella Maris College, Chennai.]She was fluent in several languages, including Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Hindi, Malayalam and English.
In Chennai, Jayalalitha trained in classical music, western classical piano, and various forms of classical dance, including Bharatanatyam, Mohiniattam, Manipuri and Kathak. She learnt Bharatnatyam and dance forms under K.J.Sarasa. She became an accomplished dancer and gave her debut dance performance at the Rasika Ranjani Sabha in Mylapore in May 1960. The Chief Guest at the Arangetram was Shivaji Ganesan , who expressed wish that Jayalalitha becomes a film star in future.
She made her debut in Tamil theatre in April 1964, when she played a sales girl in the drama named Undersecretary with Cho Ramaswamy. Meanwhile, the films she had shot during her vacation in April–May 1964 – Chinnada Gombe and Manushulu Mamathalu – became blockbusters. She was approached by C. V. Sridhar for her Tamil film debut as well. Between 1964 and 1966 she did around 35 shows of drama named Malathy and later discontinued as she became very busy in films
Jayalalithaa’s debut in Tamil cinema was the leading role in Vennira Aadai (1965), directed by C. V. Sridhar.She starred in 28 box-office hit films with M.G. Ramachandran between 1965 and 1973. The first with MGR was B.R. Panthalu’s Aayirathil Oruvan in 1965 and their last film together was Pattikaattu Ponnaiya in 1973.
Her 100th film wasThirumangalyam released in 1974 directed by A.Vincent. Her last film in Tamil was the 1980 picture Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal but the last film she worked on, in which she played the lead heroine, was a Telugu film in 1980, named Nayakudu Vinayakudu.
Early political career
Jayalalithaa claims that M.G.Ramachandran, who had been chief minister for the state since 1977, was instrumental in introducing her to politics. In 1982, she joined the AIADMK, which was founded by Ramachandran.
Ramachandran wanted her to be a member of the Rajya Sabha because of her fluency in English. Jayalalithaa was nominated and elected to that body in 1984 and retained her seat until 1989.
Leader of the Opposition, 1989
She was elected to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in 1989 as a representative of the Bodinayakkanur (State Assembly Constituency). This election saw the Jayalalithaa-led faction of the AIADMK win 27 seats and Jayalalithaa became the first woman to be elected Leader of the Opposition. In February 1989, the two factions of ADMK merged and they unanimously accepted Jayalalithaa as their leader and the “Two leaves” symbol of the party was restored.
First time as Chief Minister, 1991
In 1991, following the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi days before the elections, her alliance with the Indian National Congress enabled her to ride the wave of sympathy that gave the coalition victory. The ADMK alliance with the Congress won 225 out of the 234 seats contested and won all 39 constituencies in the centre. Re-elected to the assembly, she became the first female, and the youngest, chief minister, of Tamil Nadu, to serve a full term, serving from 24 June 1991 to 12 May 1996.
Loss of power, 1996
The Jayalalithaa-led AIADMK lost power in the 1996 elections, when it won 4 of the 168 seats that they contested. Jayalalithaa was herself defeated by the DMK candidate in Bargur Constituency.
Second time as Chief Minister, 2001
Jayalalithaa was barred from standing as a candidate in the 2001 elections because she had been found guilty of criminal offences, including allegedly obtaining property belonging to a state-operated agency called TANSI. Although she appealed to the Supreme Court, having been sentenced to five years’ imprisonment, the matter had not been resolved at the time of the elections. Despite this, the AIADMK won a majority and she was installed as Chief Minister as a non-elected member of the state assembly on 14 May 2001.
Return as Chief Minister, From Mar 2, 2002 up to 12 may 2006
Jayalaithaa nominated herself in the 2002 election in Andipatti and won that election and she return back as a CM.
Third time as Chief Minister, 2011
In April 2011, the AIADMK was part of a 13-party alliance that won the 14th state assembly elections. Selvi J.Jayalalithaa was sworn in as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for the third time on 16 May 2011, having been elected unanimously as the leader of the AIADMK party subsequent to those elections.
Fourth time as Chief Minister, 2015
The acquittal allowed her once again to hold office and on 23 May 2015, Selvi J.Jayalalithaa was sworn in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the fifth time. She was subsequently re-elected by the electorate of the Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar (State Assembly Constituency) of North Chennai in the by-election held on 27 June 2015. In a landslide victory, she polled more than 88 per cent votes of the 74.4 per cent turnout, winning by a margin of over 1.6 lakh votes.
Fifth Time as Chief Minister in 2016
Selvi J.Jayalalithaa was again elected as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in the May 2016 elections. She retained the R. K. Nagar constituency with a margin of 39,545 votes over her DMK rival. She is the second Chief Minister after M. G. Ramachandran, to serve consecutive terms as Chief Minister. In her victory speech, she commented, “Even when 10 parties allied themselves against me, I did not have a coalition and I placed my faith in God and built an alliance with the people. It is clear that the people have faith in me and I have total faith in the people.
Know about her victories in her Legislative career
|Year||Constituency||Result||Vote percentage||Opposition Candidate||Opposition Party|
|1991||Bargur, Kangayam||Won||69.3||T. Rajendar||TMK|
|1996||Bargur||Lost||43.54||E. G. Sugavanam||DMK|
|2015||R.K. Nagar||Won||88.43||C Mahendran||CPI|
|2016||R.K. Nagar||Won||55.87||Shimla Muthuchozhan||DMK|
On 22 September 2016, Jayalalithaa was admitted to Apollo Hospitals, Greame’s Road, Chennai, for infection and acute dehydration. Over the next 74 days, she was treated by a team of specialist doctors from Apollo, AIIMS and from the UK. Her condition slowly improved. Her official duties were handed over to her aide O. Panneerselvam on October 12.She was also said to be suffering from severe pulmonary infection and septicaemia, which were cured. During the course of treatment, her right arm was said to be swollen, as indicated by her inability to affix her signature on the November bye-election nomination papers for three of her party members who were standing for the elections.
On 4 December, specialist doctors at AIIMS declared her “fit” and ready to be shifted to her house in Poes Garden whenever ready, indicating that she was well, conscious and aware of events around her since her first signs of major improvement in November.The next day, however, she was re-admitted to the CCU after she suffered a cardiac arrest around 16:45. The hospital’s Executive Director Sangita Reddy said that she was in a critical state. The hospital also released a press statement saying that the chief minister’s condition was “very critical” and that she was on life support. According to India Today, AIADMK MLAs were summoned to the hospital to sign a declaration naming Panneerselvam as her successor.
In the evening of 5 December, Tamil news channels issued premature reports of Selvi. J.Jayalalithaa’s death, which were swiftly rejected by the hospital. The hospital officially announced the death of the chief minister on 5th December 2016 at 11:30 PM.