**Top 15 famous Mathematicians in the world :- **

Here we have list the most famous mathematicians around the world those who contribute to develop mathematics a great part in their life.

**Aryabhata**

**Aryabhatta**

Aryabhatta, the greatest Indian scholar in the field of maths, has been famous for his theorems on astronomical bodies that have been found to be very accurate in terms of modern calculations. “Aryabhatiya”, his only work to have survived has given the world innumerable theorems and research subjects. His two other major contributions are the introduction of zero to the world and calculating the approximate value of pi. His works are also spread in fields, like algebra, arithmetic, and trigonometry.

Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He discovered the position of nine planets and stated that these planets revolve around the sun. He also stated the correct number of days in a year that is 365.

**Bhāskara**

**Bhāskara**

Bhāskara was another Indian scientist who made a lot of contribution is the field of mathematics. Bhāskara was the one who declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity. He is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.

### Brahmagupta

**Brahmagupta**

Brahmagupta was an Indian mathematician, born in 598 AD in Bhinmal, a state of Rajhastan, India.He was the head of the astronomical observatory at Ujjain which was the center of mathematics in India witnessing the work of many extraordinary mathematicians.

Brahmagupta wrote many textbooks for mathematics and astronomy while he was in Ujjain. These include ‘Durkeamynarda’ (672), ‘Khandakhadyaka’ (665), ‘Brahmasphutasiddhanta’ (628) and ‘Cadamakela’ (624). The ‘Brahmasphutasiddhanta’ meaning the ‘Corrected Treatise of Brahma’ is one of his well-known works. It contains a lot of criticism on the work of his rival mathematicians. Brahmagupta had many discrepancies with his fellow mathematicians and most of the chapters of this book talked about the loopholes in their theories.

The most significant contribution of Brahmagupta was the introduction of zero(0) to the mathematics which stood for “nothing”.

**Srinivasa Ramanujan**

Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the celebrated Indian mathematicians. His important contributions to the field include Hardy-Ramanujan-Littlewood circle method in number theory, Roger-Ramanujan’s identities in partition of numbers, work on algebra of inequalities, elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums and products of hypergeometric series.

### **Archimedes**

**Archimedes**

The greatest scholar of the ancient era, Archimedes made phenomenal contribution in the field of mathematics. His works include finding various computation techniques to determine volume and area of several shapes, including the conic section.

**Pythagoras**

**Pythagoras**

The Greek philosopher,
known as the ‘father of numbers’, is famous for the discovery of Pythagorean
theorem formula, which states that in a right angled triangle, the square of
the hypotenuse (z), is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides,
x and y – that is, x^{2} + y^{2} = z^{2}.

**Albert Einstein**

**Albert Einstein**

The scientific world was amused by **the Einstein’s** theory of relativity. Although Albert Einstein was physicist,
his applied mathematical theorems to reach to apt conclusions. Known as
“father of Physics”, he can be best described as a mathematical
physicist. He also won the Nobel Prize in 1921 for his works in physics and the
discovery of law of photoelectric effect

**Sir Isaac Newton**

**Sir Isaac Newton** was one of the greatest contributors in the field of maths and
physics. His works are spread in almost every field. He developed Calculus,
both differential and integral, that are still the most important aspects of
higher mathematics. Using Calculus, he made it easier to find the area bounded
by closed curves. In physics, his most world-changing work was the discovery of
existence of gravitational force in our surrounding

**Blaise Pascal**

**Blaise Pascal**

Blaise Pascal, a French philosopher, mathematician, and physicist, contributed in several areas of mathematics, but he is widely known for Pascal’s triangle. He invented the first mechanical adding machine in the year 1642. The unit of atmospheric pressure, Pascal (Pa) has been named in his honor. He also contributed to the field of computers, and the programming language Pascal was named after him, in 1972.

**Euler**

**Euler**

The Swiss mathematician Euler is regarded as one of the greatest mathematical geniuses in the history of the world. His discoveries spanned the fields of calculus, geometry, algebra, graph theory and trigonometry. He also introduced the notions of mathematical and trigonometric function, which have become the framework of modern mathematics today.

**Euclid**

**Euclid**

Euclid, the ‘father of Geometry’, wrote the book ,”Euclid’s Elements”, that is considered to be the greatest piece of historical works in mathematics. The book is divided into 13 parts and in it, Euclid has discussed in details about geometry (what is now called Euclidean geometry). His works are also well-known in the fields of spherical geometry, conic sections, and number theory.

**Carl F. Gauss**

**Carl F. Gauss**

Carl F. Gauss, a German expert, known as Princeps mathematicorum meaning, “the Prince of Mathematicians” or “the foremost of mathematicians” was a child prodigy and a genius. Carl F. Gauss made path-breaking contributions in fields, like set theory, statistics, differential analysis, geophysics, electrostatics, number theory, and astronomy. He proved the fundamental theorem of Algebra and also contributed to number theory.

**Leonardo Fibonacci Bigollo**

**Leonardo Fibonacci
Bigollo**
was an acclaimed Italian mathematician, who is the inventor of the famous
Fibonacci Series. Additionally, he was responsible for the introduction of
Arabic number system in Europe. His contribution to modern mathematics can
never be denied.

**Rene Descartes**

**Rene Descartes**

The French philosopher
and scholar, **Rene Descartes**, was well-known for his method of expressing
geometric shapes in the form of algebraic equation. It was because of Rene
Descartes that we got introduced to the beautiful branch of co-ordinate
geometry. The Cartesian coordinates, in fact, refer to his name. Besides this,
Rene has contributed significantly in the field of optics and energy
conservation

**Wilhelm Leibniz**

**Wilhelm Leibniz**

Next on the list of mathematical prodigies is the German philosopher and mathematician, Wilhelm Leibniz, who played an instrumental role in the invention of calculus. Another contribution of this genius was that he had a major hand in the invention of mechanical calculators. He also contributed in the field of topology.

####

Other two Famous Mathematicians who can also be included are :-

**John von Neumann**

**John von Neumann**

John was born in 1903 and he lived until 1957. He was born in Budapest and he helped in designing the architecture of the computers. The modern computers are based on the architecture provided by him. This is because he helped in the inception of a series which forms the base of all the electronic devices. He was also a chemical engineer but he was always more interest in Math. Most of his discoveries were made around set theory, geometry, game theory, quantum mechanics and computer science. He was also an integral part of Manhattan project.

**C.R. Rao**

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, popularly known as C R Rao is a well known statistician, famous for his “theory of estimation”. C. R. Rao is a mathematical statistician is most famous for theory of estimation. He achieved his masters in mathematics from Andhra University after which he graduated in statistics from Calcultta University. He is also known for his contribution in discovering Cramer-Rao bound and the Rao-Blackwell theorem.

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